Some news is intentionally fake (satire, hoaxes). Other news aims to be real. The creator, author, journalist, director, editor, publisher, producer, and sharer each have an opportunity to contribute a perspective or bias on their news products.
2. Visit websites that investigate news stories and urban legends. We link to sites that not only investigate the stories, they provide you with enough information that you can fact check their fact checking.
Google the article (or use other Internet search tool)
was the article really published by the news outlet it claims?
look at the other results from your search, do they call the article into question or confirm the information?
when was the article published?
Google the author
Is there an author? If not, why not?
Has the author written other articles?
What are the authors credentials? Do they have a background in journalism or a field related to what they are writing about?
What do other people say about the author?
Google the facts
Is anyone else reporting on the same story? If not, why not?
Do other sites contradict the article? If so, why?
Evaluating Visual Media
Fact check photos and other media using these sources. Some fake news stories use photos or videos that are old, are from other events, or have nothing to do with the article. Investigating where the photo or videos appeared before can uncover these discrepancies.
Search for other photos of the event or person. Other photos may offer a different perspective or provide context.
Citizen Evidence Lab is a collaborative effort to train and provide tools for anyone to authenticate videos and pictures. The project is intended to help authenticate reports of human rights violations which may be uploaded as photos or videos. Created as part of Amnesty International’s Sensor Project.
Opinions or Reporting?
Avoid searching with keywords that make assumptions like:
Search engines from Google to databases try to match your search terms. A source may discuss your topic but not appear in the search results (or high up in the search results) if it does not use the same words you do.