APA Citation Tools: K-State Libraries Instruction
When utilizing any of the K-State Libraries Databases subscriptions, look for a "Cite It" or "Cite This" option to help develop citations. Any citation generated by a database also needs to be checked against a style guide — they are very rarely perfect.
This is a general list of the detailed information necessary to capture as you find useful content from both printed materials and electronic materials.
Text and/or images from printed books, magazines, and journals have similar requirements for citation. Note the similarities and differences in the lists below.
Dates — when the work was published or created. In your research notes, write the most specific format available. This may be year (1998), month+year (09/1998), or individual day (09/01/1998). What if there is no date? Use "n.d.".
Chapter Titles & Authors — in edited works, the chapters are written by different people. Citations need the names of book editors and chapter authors.
Page Number — the specific page of the image or the text.
All the above information is required from the printed item, plus
Medium — describe the item such as photograph, digital photograph, drawing, painting, etc.
If you find an electronic version of a book, article, or image you will need all of the information required for print materials, plus
URL – the link to the document in a database or the link to the page the image was found on. For images, be careful with the link. A Google search result is not stable. Click through to the page that the image "lives" on so that you have the original context.
DOI — a digital object identifier. The DOI is an exclusive alphanumeric string and is used to create a permanent link to a particular document. We have a guide on finding permalinks. Though not always available, it is something to look for.