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Due to the Fire, K-State Libraries' Access to Databases Has Been Temporarily Interrupted
Library staff are asked to communicate with supervisors and employees via phone and text until full email access is restored
Definitions of Terminology
The following terms can help with your understanding of the evidence-based practice (EBP) process and help as you conduct research for your classes:
- provide the publication information (such as author, title, page numbers, etc.).
- allows you to find a particular resource.
- are short summaries that are included at the beginning of scholarly articles.
- help you quickly see the subject of the article.
- are organized collections of information.
- are usually online and contain many information types (newspaper articles, magazine articles, or articles from scholarly journals, etc.).
- contain citations for the articles found within it and may contain full-text documents.
- Empirical research
- is original research by the authors conducted through observation and experimentation.
- present the findings of this type of research/study with these sections: abstract, introduction (may include a literature review), methods, results/conclusions, discussion, and references.
(For our purposes, literature reviews are not considered empirical research.)
- Evidence-based articles
- contain a level of evidence (discussed on another page).
- are based on empirical (original) research.
- Literature reviews
- analyze existing literature/articles for a particular topic.
- can be the whole article or may appear at the beginning of an article to provide the rationale for the research.
- have conclusions based on the point-of-view and background of the author(s).
- may not have statistical analyzes conducted from the different articles.
- are not acceptable types of evidence-based articles for your Athletic Training classes.
- Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- used in PubMed, can also be used in ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source if you know the heading.
- list preferred terms to describe health-related concepts.
- arranged in an hierarchical format.
- Peer review
- other scholars in the same research area review and critique an article or other resource.
- is explained further in the infographic to the left.
- Types of studies:
- Meta-Analysis: Method where results of similar studies are evaluated systematically and analyzed statistically to identify a stronger result than from an individual study.
- Randomized Control Trial: Study where subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group to minimize bias in the results.
- Systematic Review: Method of gathering original studies of the highest level of evidence and appraising and summarizing them. The method of gathering them must be explicitly detailed in order to be reproducible.