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Community Development

A subject guide to support research in the field of Community Development.

Why Cite Sources?

Citation Styles

K-State Libraries APA Citation Tools  

The APA Style tab on the K-State Libraries online guide to Citations & Bibliographies includes links to recommended resources for support in navigating the Chicago citation format.

 

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue

  • APA Formatting and Style Guide on the OWL
  • Scroll down to the bottom of the page to view the list of individual sections.
  • To see how to cite direct quotes or sources that you paraphrase, refer to the OWL sections that begin "In-Text Citation".
  • To view samples of how to cite your sources at the end of your paper, in the Reference List or Bibliography, refer to the OWL sections that begin "Reference List".

 

Database Helps

When utilizing databases subscriptions, look for a "Cite It" or "Cite This" option to help develop citations.  Any citation generated by a database needs to be checked against a style guide because such citations are very rarely perfect

The K-State Libraries subscribe to the full text of the Chicago Manual of Style online. Use the link below to access the 17th edition of the manual in its entirety.

 

Chicago Style Citation ToolsK-State Libraries 

The Chicago Manual of Style tab on the K-State Libraries online guide to Citations & Bibliographies includes links to recommended resources for support in navigating the Chicago citation format.

 

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue

  • Chicago Manual of Style on the OWL
  • Includes summary content for quick reference, organized by format (i.e. books, periodicals, web resources, etc.)
  • Also includes sample papers for both Author-Date & Notes-Bibliography systems

 

Database Helps

When utilizing databases subscriptions, look for a "Cite It" or "Cite This" option to help develop citations.  Any citation generated by a database needs to be checked against a style guide because such citations are very rarely perfect

MLA Citation ToolsK-State Libraries 

The MLA Style tab on the K-State Libraries online guide to Citations & Bibliographies includes links to recommended resources for support in navigating the MLA citation format.

 

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue

  • MLA Formatting and Style Guide on the OWL
  • Scroll down to the bottom of the page to view the list of individual sections.
  • In-Text Citations: The Basics, includes how to address direct quotation of another person's words, and summarizing/paraphrasing passages; as well as different author situations.
  • Includes summary content for quick reference, organized by format (i.e. books, periodicals, web resources, etc.)

 

Database Helps

When utilizing databases subscriptions, look for a "Cite It" or "Cite This" option to help develop citations.  Any citation generated by a database needs to be checked against a style guide because such citations are very rarely perfect

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Record as You Research

This is a general list of the detailed information necessary to capture as you find useful content from both printed materials and electronic materials.

circles and squares of slightly different sizes and colors

Print Materials

Text and/or images from printed books, magazines, and journals have similar requirements for citation. Note the similarities and differences in the lists below.

Books

  • Author(s)
  • Dates
  • Chapter Title & Author(s)
  • Book Title
  • Publisher and City
  • Page Numbers

Articles

  • Author(s)
  • Dates
  • Article Title
  • Journal Title
  • Volume & Issue
  • Page Numbers

Notes

Dates — when the work was published or created. In your research notes, write the most specific format available. This may be year (1998), month+year (09/1998), or individual day (09/01/1998). What if there is no date? Use "n.d.".

Chapter Titles & Authors — in edited works, the chapters are written by different people. Citations need the names of book editors and chapter authors.

Page Number — the specific page of the image or the text.

partial view of image citation for artwork

Images

All the above information is required from the printed item, plus

  • Creator(s)
  • Date Created
  • Medium
  • Title of Work
  • Page Number

Note:

Medium — describe the item such as photograph, digital photograph, drawing, painting, etc.

computer screensElectronic Materials

If you find an electronic version of a book, article, or image you will need all of the information required for print materials, plus

Text

  • URL
  • DOI

Images

  • URL

Notes

URL – the link to the document in a database or the link to the page the image was found on. For images, be careful with the link. A Google search result is not stable. Click through to the page that the image "lives" on so that you have the original context.

DOI — a digital object identifier. The DOI is an exclusive alphanumeric string and is used to create a permanent link to a particular document. We have a guide on finding permalinks. Though not always available, it is something to look for.